By Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
This e-book will hide numerous themes to intricate how proteomics might give a contribution in our realizing of mechanisms focused on rigidity model. the data being collected by way of a variety of proteomics applied sciences may well finally be used in breeding courses to reinforce tension tolerance. This e-book provides complete experiences approximately responses of crop and livestock to environmental stresses. demanding situations regarding rigidity phenotyping and integration of proteomics and different omics info have additionally been addressed.
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Extra info for Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses
2 Salinity Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress affecting more than 20 % of cultivated land worldwide. Excess NaCl in the soil interferes with mineral nutrition and reduces water uptake (osmotic stress). The accumulation of toxic ions (ionic stress) in plants results in cell injury [32, 75]. Plant roots are directly exposed to the saline conditions, hence are the ﬁrst organs to be affected and the most sensitive to salt stress . To alleviate these damaging effects, plants employ different strategies to re-establish proper cellular ion and osmotic homeostasis, as well as detoxiﬁcation and repair processes.
Abucay Jr. H. L. Trinidad et al. roots. Although intuitive to guess, the differences in proteomic responses of the roots can be very different from the aerial parts and in some cases diametrically opposite. As an integral component of the plants’ aerial parts’ response to stress, root response characteristics are important to be considered in the overall mechanistic understanding and engineering of plant response to stress, either through conventional breeding or modern biotechnological means. 1 Á Á Introduction Cereals are the world’s most important food source for humans.
Anatomically, plants developed spongy tissues to serve as water reservoirs, and growth is impaired to reduce leaf area and limit evaporation . Responses such as leaf rolling, floral abscission, alteration of cuticle permeability , and floral induction  are also observed. The root system evidently has a critical role in response to water stress, with some plants evolving the ability to increase root growth at the very early stage of drought stress ensuring maximum water absorption in the soil.