By David I. Kertzer, Peter Laslett
Due to superior nutrients, drugs, and dwelling stipulations, the typical age of the inhabitants is expanding through the smooth industrialized global. but, regardless of the new upsurge of scholarly curiosity within the lives of older humans and the blossoming of historic demography, little historic demographic consciousness has been paid to the lives of the aged. A landmark quantity, getting older long ago marks the emergence of the ancient demographic research of aging.Following a masterly explication of the hot box by way of Peter Laslett, best students in relatives background and historic demography supply new examine effects and clean analyses that drastically raise our knowing of getting older, traditionally and throughout cultures. Focusing totally on post-Industrial Europe and the U.S., they discover various matters below the wide themes of residing preparations, widowhood, and retirement and mortality. this significant paintings presents a much-needed ancient point of view on and indicates attainable substitute strategies to the issues of the elderly.
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Additional info for Aging in the Past: Demography, Society, and Old Age (Studies in Demography, 7)
It seems unlikely that these changes would perforce have increased the total burden of dependency appreciably, since in most societies at most times dependent elderly persons are no more costly than dependent infants and children. We have just seen that support to the elderly in need was not necessarily given in the way of maintenance in the home, and it has now to be added that an appreciable proportion of that support, in England and perhaps other countries, took the form of transfers through the collectivity.
This introduction was not in the hands of the writers, and no compendium of the relevant demographic facts was available. None of our authors goes any way toward an estimation of the overall results of aging in Western societies, or of the historical situation and significance of the secular shift. Insofar as that estimation is yet feasible, it is very briefly attempted here, particular reference being made to such general outcomes as the transformation of the life course, the redirection of social transfers, and the swaying of the balance between the sexes leading to the feminization of the elderly population.
54 ― Fig. 11. 10. i... still be said to have had the standard, the paradigmatic, experience of the secular shift in aging. The accession of that country to the Third Age in the 1950s can, under these highly specific conditions, be said to have marked the movement of the whole body of the rich, highly developed countries of western and northwestern Europe, with their companions overseas, into the new demographic era where the Third Age can exist. The most significant of all the outcomes of the secular shift in aging had unmistakably manifested itself in the West.