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By Francis M. Carroll

In this precise and interesting booklet, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the us from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.

Established by means of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly turned transparent that ambiguities and error within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, throughout the nice Lakes and from Lake more advantageous to Lake of the Woods, within the middle of the continent. This borderland, gradually filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and infantrymen, Europeans and primary international locations peoples - turned the focal point of the main situation in Anglo-Canadian-American kinfolk for nearly sixty years.

Drawing on large study and using manuscript fabrics by no means dropped at endure at the topic ahead of, the quest for Boundary is the 1st paintings to completely clarify the efforts of the various Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant overseas makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The ebook additionally presents a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the experience of urgency that eventually allowed for negotiation of an inexpensive compromise cost of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A stable and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton known as it. choked with the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to lifestyles a amazing time within the diplomatic and political background of either Canada and the United States.

Winner of the Dafoe ebook Prize, offered by way of the J.W. Dafoe Foundation

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Additional resources for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

Sample text

Wellington observed that naval supremacy on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain was crucial. ' As for the peace talks at Ghent, he made an important observation. ' In short, he told Liverpool that while British forces in America had not done badly, the state of the military situation was not such that Britain could demand territory on the basis of uti possidetis. Even the occupation of eastern Maine was not militarily secure enough to be confidently held. 59 The historian Bradford Perkins has suggested that the original British demands may have been a 'probe-and-delay strategy' that the government was not willing to pursue if the Americans resisted.

The boundary was to pass through the middle of each of Lakes Ontario, Erie, and Huron into Lake Superior. 2 This was to be the boundary of the thirteen original United States of America. But what did all these terms mean? Where was the 'North West Angle of Nova Scotia'? Did it exist as a place? Which river was the St Croix? What were the 'Highlands' that divided the waters that flowed into the St Lawrence River from those that flowed into the Atlantic Ocean? Did the term 'Highlands' mean mountains or merely watersheds?

The boundary was to proceed along that river to the forty-fifth parallel of latitude, along that parallel west to the St Lawrence River, and then along the middle of the St Lawrence into Lake Ontario. The boundary was to pass through the middle of each of Lakes Ontario, Erie, and Huron into Lake Superior. 2 This was to be the boundary of the thirteen original United States of America. But what did all these terms mean? Where was the 'North West Angle of Nova Scotia'? Did it exist as a place? Which river was the St Croix?

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