By Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage
We are advised that Western/Christian and Muslim/Arab civilizations are heading in the direction of inevitable clash. The demographics of the West stay gradual, whereas the inhabitants of the Muslim global explodes, widening the cultural hole and all yet ensuring the outbreak of struggle. Leaving apart the media's sound and fury in this factor, measured research exhibits one other fact taking form: rapprochement among those civilizations, making the most of a common stream with roots within the Enlightenment.
The ancient and geographical sweep of this booklet discredits the proposal of a selected Islamic demography. the variety of fertility between Muslim girls, for instance, is as various as spiritual habit between Muslims often. no matter if agnostics, fundamentalist Salafis, or al-Qaeda activists, Muslims are a various crew that turn out the range and individuality of Islam. Youssef Courbage and Emmanuel Todd give some thought to assorted levels of literacy, patriarchy, and protecting reactions between minority Muslim populations, underscoring the unfold of huge secularization through the Arab and Muslim international.
In this regard, they argue, there's little or no to tell apart the evolution of Islam from the background of Christianity, in particular with Muslims now coming into an international modernity. delicate to demographic variables and their mirrored image of private and social truths, Courbage and Todd upend a perilous meme: that we are living in a fractured international as regards to obstacle, being affected by a plague of closed cultures and minds made diverse by means of religion.
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Additional info for A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World
The aggregation into complex domestic groups almost always occurs by the newly married couple joining the husband’s family. This system is called patrilocal. The 1981 Syrian census presented an analysis of households according to kinship relations. 9 percent. This proportion is an indication of matrilocalism. 8 percent patrilocal). This situation is typical of the central Muslim zone, whether Arab, Iranian, or Pakistani. 3 percent urban matrilocalism. 3 percent urban matrilocalism. Although slight, these differences between Syria, on the one hand, and Morocco and Iran, on the other, are signiﬁcant.
The family of origin requires the designation of a single successor, generally the eldest son (male primogeniture). Cohabitation with the adult married son suggests the presence of a principle of authority. Taken together, the family values of authority and inequality lead, at the time of educational modernization, to the emergence of transitional ideologies favoring the ideas of hierarchy and social and racial stratiﬁcation. From an ethnic or international perspective, in these countries the concept of universal man is unacceptable: If brothers are unequal, so are men and peoples.
Endogamy would thus have been an identity marker, a practice deﬁning one group against another. Punjabi-speaking populations living on either side of the border between Pakistan and India are radically endogamous where Islam won out, but completely exogamous in areas of Sikh or Hindu religion. Psychological and Ideological Implications of Endogamy The traditional Arab family is thus patrilocal and endogamous. It is a closed and warm-hearted system and extraordinarily resistant. Monographs that describe life and sentiments in local communities show the degree to which the system is not experienced as restrictive.